The oldest written evidence of Jewish inhabitants in Jičín dates back the the 1460’s. Although the Jewish population at that time was only permitted to buy houses in designated streets, the settlement itself was scattered. Following an edict by Ferdinand of Habsburg in 1541, Jews were banned from living within the town.
A more favourable time came during the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and following the reign of Albrecht von Wallenstein. At that time the Jewish residents enjoyed a number of privileges and went on to build a Jewish trading area, school, synagogue and cemetery. However, there later followed a further period of restrictions and special taxation. In the second half of the 17th century, Jewish life in Jičín was governed by the “protective list”, which improved the status of Jews and protected their businesses.
A fundamental change to Jewish status occurred in 1848. The constitution of 1867 enshrined the fundamental civil rights and freedoms of all residents. In the second half of the 19th century, Jews lived and traded in some of the most prominent places on the town square and in the adjacent streets. In 1867 a wave of anti-Semitism and nationalistic fervour swept Jičín. During the Nazi occupation, Jews were discriminated against and gradually removed of all of their rights. In January 1943 roughly 124 Jews were transported to the Terezín concentration camp. Only 6 of them survived the war.
A completely renovated space with a unique atmosphere
JEWISH SCHOOL, No. 100
New, permanent exhibition entitled “ Jewish Writers of Bohemia”, Karl Kraus’ study
ŽIDOVSKÁ ULICE (JEWISH STREET)
THE FAMILY HOME OF KARL KRAUS